The National Institute of Technology Patna (NIT Patna), formerly Bihar School of Engineering and Bihar College of Engineering, is a public engineering institution located in Patna in the Indian state of Bihar. It was renamed to NIT Patna, by the Government of India on 28 January 2004. It is an autonomous institute functions directly under Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.NIT Patna origin can be traced to 1886 with the establishment of a survey training school and subsequent renaming it to Bihar college of Engineering in 1900. A graduate level curriculum was introduced in 1924. It was renamed Bihar College of Engineering in 1932. In 2004 the government of India upgraded the college to National Institute of Technology (NIT) status, as the state of Bihar had lost its only Regional Engineering College (REC), located at Jamshedpur, when Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar in 2000. By 2002, the Indian government decided to upgrade all RECs to NITs, with the aim of having at least one NIT per state. Bihar College of Engineering was the first institute to be directly upgraded to NIT status. In 2007, it was granted Institute of National Importance status in accordance with the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007. Campus Aerial view of NIT Patna Main Building (Rear view) NIT Patna functions from a 40 acres (16 ha) campus along Ashok Rajpath, geographically which lies on the southern bank of the river Ganges exactly opposite the point of its confluence with river Gandak. Land for a new campus, a 125 acres (51 ha) plot, has been assigned at Sikandarpur village in Bihta, around 40 km from Patna. Earlier it was assigned at Dumri village in Bihta. Once NIT-Patna shifts to its new campus in Bihta, it will run some management courses on the present campus at Ashok Rajpath. Facilities Central library Central Library Computer Center Student Activity center (SAC) GYM (separate for boys and girls.) College Canteens(Govt Canteen, Nescafe Canteen) TT and Badminton court with Synthetic International flooring Squash Courts Medical Center Cricket / Football Ground with 1000+ students strength stands Library The institute maintains a central library which has 1,50,000 books and 1,100 e-journals and works for only about 10 hours per day. The Central Library has an e-resource section on the Ground floor, a study section and Library office on the First floor and a separate study room . Library is fully air conditioned and well cleaned . security is also available on the each floor for 24 hour. Computer center The institute has a computer center with 6 computer labs and a 2 virtual classroom equipped with computing and audio-visual facilities such as interactive boards, and projectors. The labs have CCTV cameras for conducting online interviews, tests and presentations. CC has internet connectivity throughout the day so students can use internet facility. A central bandwidth of 1GBps provided by RailTel for uninterrupted high speed internet connection. Academic departments The Institute includes five engineering departments namely civil engineering, computer science & engineering, electrical engineering, electronics & communication engineering and mechanical engineering. In addition there is an architecture department and departments for physics, chemistry, mathematics and social sciences and humanities.